Seventh GF Summer School 2020

GF Summer School logo

3rd–14th August 2020
Postponed due to COVID-19


Grammatical Framework (GF) is a grammar formalism and a programming language for multilingual computational grammars. It is based on the idea of a shared abstract syntax and mappings between the abstract syntax and concrete languages. GF has hundreds of users all over the world.

The GF Resource Grammar Library (RGL) implements the morphology (inflection) and basic syntax (phrase structure) of more than 30 languages: Afrikaans, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Interlingua, Japanese, Italian, Latvian, Maltese, Mongolian, Nepali, Norwegian bokmål, Nynorsk, Persian, Polish, Punjabi, Romanian, Russian, Sindhi, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, and Urdu. These resources are freely available as open-source software.

We are constantly welcoming new languages, especially from new language families. Learn more at the RGL status page. The summer school is an excellent place to get started with a new language.

A recent Google TechTalk gives an overview of the GF technology and its many applications:

You will find the GF book a very good companion to your studies (available also as an e-book). However, the book is not a requirement for successful participation in the summer school.

Special theme

The summer school is co-organised by Singapore Management University's Centre for Computational Law. The centre lies at the intersection of four disciplines of computer science:

  1. Logical formalisation of legal rules and contract specifications (prior art includes MIREL, CoSoDIS, FLACOS, SBVR, LegalRuleML)
  2. Formal verification, specification languages, and model checking (prior art includes Z3, Alloy, TLA+, PAT, UPPAAL)
  3. Computational linguistics and multilingual natural language generation (prior art includes GF)
  4. Knowledge Representation and Reasoning (prior art includes Prolog, Datalog, F-Logic, Flora-2, RDF, RIF, N3, SPARQL)

The special theme is present in two ways:

Despite the special theme, the summer school is pefectly suitable for a student who is interested in more traditional grammar engineering.


The summer school will take place in Singapore, home to Singapore Management University.


Singapore Management University - School of Law and School of Information Systems


The GF mailing list is a great place to ask about anything GF, including the summer school. If you have a more specific question, you can contact us directly:

Previous GF summer schools